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Full text of "A history of Persia"

356                HISTORY OF PERSIA
second son. The story runs that an account of the
bridegroom's pedigree for seven generations was de-
manded. The grim reply was : " He is son of Nadir
Shah, the son of the sword, the grandson of the sword ;
and so on to seventy instead of seven generations."
The Results of the Campaign.—By this campaign of a
few months Nadir struck a blow which resounded all over
the world. Until then, though he had indeed gained
victories, he had merely recovered lost provinces of the
Persian Empire. In this fortunate expedition he had
won the fabulous "wealth of Ind," and with it enduring
fame. He showed the prudence of a statesman in re-
placing Mohamed Shah on the throne and threatening
to attack any one who dared to disobey him. He realized
that to hold Delhi was beyond his powers : at the same
time he recovered all the provinces on the right bank of
the Indus which had once formed part of the Persian
Empire. Thus with power, fame, and wealth, the victor
recrossed the Indus. On his march back to the Iranian
plateau he readily paid blackmail to the tribes of the
Khyber Pass in order to avoid all risk to his treasure,
which he brought in safety to Kabul
The Sind Expedition, A.H. 1151-1152 (1739).—The
army remained for some time in the highlands of Afghani-
stan and the following winter was spent in an expedition
into Sind, where Nadir wished to make good his possession
of his newly acquired territories. He met with little or
no resistance. Khudayar Khan Abbasi, against whom the
campaign was chiefly directed, fled into the desert, but
by means of a forced march on Amirkot he was induced
to surrender. Abdul Karim mentions that when an
inventory of his property was taken many articles looted
by the Afghans at Isfahan were found. The conquered
districts were divided into three provinces, and, after
establishing his authority in them, the Great Afshar
marched back to the uplands through Peshin and Kandahar.
At Herat the army rested for forty days. Nadir Shah
exhibited to wondering throngs the spoils of De;lhi, in-
cluding the celebrated Peacock Throne and a tent which
is thus described: "The lining was of violet-coloured